CSI Phase Fingerprinting for Indoor Localization with a Deep Learning Approach Article

Wang, X, Gao, L, Mao, S. (2016). CSI Phase Fingerprinting for Indoor Localization with a Deep Learning Approach . 3(6), 1113-1123. 10.1109/JIOT.2016.2558659

cited authors

  • Wang, X; Gao, L; Mao, S

authors

abstract

  • With the increasing demand of location-based services, indoor localization based on fingerprinting has become an increasingly important technique due to its high accuracy and low hardware requirement. In this paper, we propose PhaseFi, a fingerprinting system for indoor localization with calibrated channel state information (CSI) phase information. In PhaseFi, the raw phase information is first extracted from the multiple antennas and multiple subcarriers of the IEEE 802.11n network interface card by accessing the modified device driver. Then a linear transformation is applied to extract the calibrated phase information, which we prove to have a bounded variance. For the offline stage, we design a deep network with three hidden layers to train the calibrated phase data, and employ the weights of the deep network to represent fingerprints. A greedy learning algorithm is incorporated to train the weights layer-by-layer to reduce computational complexity, where a subnetwork between two consecutive layers forms a restricted Boltzmann machine. In the online stage, we use a probabilistic method based on the radial basis function for online location estimation. The proposed PhaseFi scheme is implemented and validated with extensive experiments in two representation indoor environments. It is shown to outperform three benchmark schemes based on CSI or received signal strength in both scenarios.

publication date

  • December 1, 2016

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 1113

end page

  • 1123

volume

  • 3

issue

  • 6