Elucidation of discontinuous linear determinants in peptides Article

Appel, JR, Pinilla, C, Niman, H et al. (1990). Elucidation of discontinuous linear determinants in peptides . JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY, 144(3), 976-983.

cited authors

  • Appel, JR; Pinilla, C; Niman, H; Houghten, R


  • Synthetic peptides, made by the method of simultaneous multiple peptide synthesis, were coupled to the protein carrier keyhole limpet hemocyanin and used to raise mAb. Omission and substitution analogs of the original peptides were tested by ELISA to characterize their reactivity with the respective mAb. Linear antigenic determinants were located for 18 different peptides by using omission analogs. The length of the antigenic determinants ranged from 2 to 8 residues, with an average of 6 residues. The three aromatic amino acids, phenylalanine, tryptophan, and tyrosine, the charged hydrophilic amino acids, aspartic acid and lysine, and the neutral amino acid alanine were found to occur most often in the determinant region of the peptides tested, whereas asparagine, cysteine, and histidine occurred the least often. Alanine substitution analogs provided more information than omission analogs by enabling the determination of which side chain groups of the antigenic determinant residues were not critical for binding to the mAb. Detailed, "fingerprint" information about the interaction of the peptide, GASPYPNLSNQQT, and its mAb was obtained by synthesizing a complete series of analogs with individual substitutions for each position of the antigenic determinant, PYPNLS, with the 19 other amino acids. These results suggest that, at the amino acid level, all antigenic determinants of synthetic peptides defined by mAb can be considered discontinuous linear determinants.

publication date

  • February 1, 1990

published in

start page

  • 976

end page

  • 983


  • 144


  • 3