Climate change impact on sediment yield in the upper Gilgel Abay catchment, blue nile basin, Ethiopia Book Chapter

Adem, AA, Tilahun, SA, Ayana, EK et al. (2015). Climate change impact on sediment yield in the upper Gilgel Abay catchment, blue nile basin, Ethiopia . 615-644. 10.1007/978-3-319-18787-7_28

cited authors

  • Adem, AA; Tilahun, SA; Ayana, EK; Worqlul, AW; Assefa, TT; Dessu, SB; Melesse, AM


  • According to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) future projections, precipitation and temperature will increase over eastern Africa in the coming century. This chapter presents basin-level impact of climate change on sediment yield in Upper Gilgel Abay catchment, Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia, by downscaling HadCM3 global climate model using Statistical Downscaling Model (SDSM). IPCC-recommended baseline period (1961-1990) was used for baseline scenario analysis. Future scenario analysis was performed for the 2020s, 2050s, and 2080s. Globally, HadCM3 model is widely applied for climate change studies and it consists of A2 (medium high emission) and B2 (medium low emission) scenarios. Impact assessment on sediment yield was done by Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) hydrological model. SWAT model performance in simulating daily sediment yield for the study area was satisfactory with Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE) of 0.58 and 0.51 for calibration and validation periods, respectively. Mean annual changes of precipitation and temperature (maximum and minimum) were applied to quantify these impacts. The result of downscaled precipitation and temperature reveals a systematic increase in all future time periods for both A2 and B2 scenarios. These increases in climate variables are expected to result in increase in mean annual sediment yield of 11.3, 16.3, and 21.3 % for A2 scenario and by 11.0, 14.3, and 11.3 % for B2 scenario for the 2020s, 2050s, and 2080s, respectively. This increase in sediment yield is double the increase in stream flow due to climate change for all time periods. Future work need to consider also impact of land use change on the catchment for future sustainable development plan.

publication date

  • July 21, 2015

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

International Standard Book Number (ISBN) 13

start page

  • 615

end page

  • 644