The influence of the parents' educational level on the development of executive functions Article

Ardila, A, Rosselli, M, Matute, E et al. (2005). The influence of the parents' educational level on the development of executive functions . DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, 28(1), 539-560. 10.1207/s15326942dn2801_5

cited authors

  • Ardila, A; Rosselli, M; Matute, E; Guajardo, S


  • Information about the influence of educational variables on the development of executive functions is limited. The aim of this study was to analyze the relation of the parents' educational level and the type of school the child attended(private or public school) to children's executive functioning test performance. Six hundred twenty-two participants, ages 5 to 14 years (276 boys, 346 girls) were selected from Colombia and Mexico and grouped according to three variables: age (5-6, 7-8, 9-10, 11-12, and 13-14 years), gender (boys and girls), and school type (private and public). Eight executive functioning tests taken from the Evaluation Neuropsicologica Infantil; Matute, Rosselli, Ardila, & Ostrosky, in press) were individually administered: Semantic Verbal Fluency, Phonemic Verbal Fluency, Semantic Graphic Fluency, Nonsemantic Graphic Fluency, Matrices, Similarities, Card Sorting, and the Mexican Pyramid. There was a significant effect of age on all the test scores and a significant effect of type of school attended on all but Semantic Verbal Fluency and Nonsemantic Graphic Fluency tests. Most children's test scores, particularly verbal test scores, significantly correlated with parents' educational level. Our results suggest that the differences in test scores between the public and private school children depended on some conditions existing outside the school, such as the parents' level of education. Implications of these findings for the understanding of the influence of environmental factors on the development of executive functions are presented. Copyright © 2005, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

publication date

  • August 9, 2005

published in

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 539

end page

  • 560


  • 28


  • 1