6-azido and 6-azidomethyl uracil nucleosides Article

Reyes, Y, Mebel, A, Wnuk, SF. (2023). 6-azido and 6-azidomethyl uracil nucleosides . NUCLEOSIDES NUCLEOTIDES & NUCLEIC ACIDS, 10.1080/15257770.2023.2271023

cited authors

  • Reyes, Y; Mebel, A; Wnuk, SF


  • Azido nucleosides have been utilized for click reactions, metabolic incorporation into cellular DNA, and fluorescent imaging of live cells. Two classes of 6-azido modified uracil nucleosides; one with azido group directly attached to uracil ring and second with azido group attached via methylene linker are described. The 6-azido-2’-deoxyuridine (6-AdU) was prepared in 55% overall yield by lithiation-based regioselective C6-iodination of silyl protected 2’-deoxyuridine followed by treatment with sodium azide and deprotection with TBAF. Lithiation-based C6-alkylation of the protected uridine with methyl iodide followed by the oxidation of the 6-methyl product with selenium dioxide and the subsequent mesylation and azidation of the resulting 6-hydroxymethyl group gave after deprotection 6-azidomethyluridine (6-AmU) in 61% overall yield. Direct lithiation-based C6-hydroxymethylation followed by mesylation/azidation sequence and deprotection provided 6-AmU or 6-azidomethyl-2’-deoxyuridine (6-AmdU). Yields for the lithiation-based regioselective C6-iodination and alkylation were higher for uridine than 2’-deoxyuridine derivatives and they appear to be less dependent on the sugar protection group used. Strain promoted click reactions of 6-AdU and 6-AmdU with symmetrically fused cyclopropyl cyclooctyne (OCT) provided fluorescent triazoles. DFT-calculated dihedral angles and energy differences for the favored anti and syn conformation of 6-AdU and 6-AmdU versus their C5 azido counterparts are discussed.

publication date

  • January 1, 2023

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