The diffusion behavior of fluorescent molecules within bolaamphiphile-based organic nanotubes (ONTs) was systematically investigated using imaging fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (imaging FCS). Anionic sulforhodamine B, zwitterionic/cationic rhodamine B, or cationic rhodamine 123 was loaded into ONTs having cylindrical hollow structures (ca. 10 nm in inner diameter) with amine and glucose groups on the inner and outer surfaces, respectively. Wide-field fluorescence video microscopy was used to acquire imaging FCS data for dye-doped ONTs in aqueous solutions of different ionic strengths (1-500 mM) at different pH (3.4-8.4). The diffusion behavior of these dyes was discussed on the basis of their apparent diffusion coefficients (D) that were determined by autocorrelating the time transient of fluorescence intensity at each pixel on an ONT. Molecular diffusion in the ONTs was significantly slowed by the molecule-nanotube interactions, as shown by the very small D (10-1 to 10-2 μm2/s). The pH dependence of D revealed that dye diffusion was basically controlled by electrostatic interactions associated with the protonation of the amine groups on the ONT inner surface. The pH-dependent change in D was observed over a wide pH range, possibly because of electrostatically induced variations in the pKa of the densely packed ammonium ions on the ONT inner surface. On the other hand, the influence of ionic strength on D was relatively unclear, suggesting the involvement of non-Coulombic interactions with the ONTs in molecular diffusion. Importantly, individual ONTs of different lengths (1-5 μm) afforded similar diffusion coefficients for each type of dye at each solution condition, implying that the properties of the ONTs were uniform in terms of solute loading and release. These results highlight the characteristics of the molecular diffusion behavior within the ONTs and will help in the design of ONTs better suited for use as drug vehicles and contaminant adsorbents.