Toughening of aromatic epoxy via aliphatic epoxy copolymers Article

Downey, MA, Drzal, LT. (2014). Toughening of aromatic epoxy via aliphatic epoxy copolymers . POLYMER, 55(26), 6658-6663. 10.1016/j.polymer.2014.10.052

cited authors

  • Downey, MA; Drzal, LT



  • While aromatic diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) based epoxy polymer matrix systems are important for high-performance applications, their brittle nature is an issue that needs to be addressed. In this paper the authors show that small additions of a more flexible aliphatic epoxy copolymers, both di- and tri-functional, can significantly increase the notched Izod impact strength (56-77%) over the neat DGEBA, while not detrimentally affecting other mechanical properties such as glass transition temperature and flexural properties. In fact, at 1 wt% concentrations, the tri-functional epoxy shows a slight increase (∼2%) in the glass transition temperature compared to neat DGEBA. The improvement in impact toughness is attributed to the more flexible backbone of the aliphatic epoxy molecules. The total miscibility of the aromatic and aliphatic epoxies within the investigated concentration range (up to 20 wt%) allows for this toughening approach to be directly applied to current composite production methods, such as resin transfer molding (RTM).

publication date

  • December 15, 2014

published in

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 6658

end page

  • 6663


  • 55


  • 26