General and Gay-Related Racism Experienced by Latino Gay Men Article

Ibañez, GE, Van Oss Marin, B, Flores, SA et al. (2009). General and Gay-Related Racism Experienced by Latino Gay Men . CULTURAL DIVERSITY & ETHNIC MINORITY PSYCHOLOGY, 15(3), 215-222. 10.1037/a0014613

cited authors

  • Ibañez, GE; Van Oss Marin, B; Flores, SA; Millett, G; Diaz, RM



  • Latino gay men report experiences of racial discrimination within and outside the gay community. This study focused on correlates of racism within general and gay contexts. Racism was assessed in a probability sample of 911 Latino gay men recruited from 3 U.S. cities. Factor analysis of the 10-item scale produced 2 factors: (a) General Racism Experiences, and (b) Racism Experiences in Gay Contexts. The scale and each factor showed adequate reliability and validity. Latino gay men with darker skin, more Indian features, more time in the United States, and low self-esteem reported more racism in both general and gay contexts. The authors examine the psychometric properties of a measure that assesses interpersonal racism among Latinos, report correlates of racism within a gay context, and provide an assessment tool for understanding the role of racism in the lives of Latino gay men. © 2009 American Psychological Association.

publication date

  • July 1, 2009

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 215

end page

  • 222


  • 15


  • 3