Olivine flow mechanisms at 8 GPa Article

Li, L, Raterron, P, Weidner, D et al. (2003). Olivine flow mechanisms at 8 GPa . PHYSICS OF THE EARTH AND PLANETARY INTERIORS, 138(2), 113-129. 10.1016/S0031-9201(03)00065-7

cited authors

  • Li, L; Raterron, P; Weidner, D; Chen, J



  • The mechanisms responsible for high-temperature olivine deformation are investigated at a pressure of 8 GPa and temperatures up to 1780 K. San Carlos olivine specimens of different average grain sizes (0.5 and 5 μm) were deformed simultaneously between hard-alumina pistons during relaxation experiments. These experiments are carried out in a multi-anvil high-pressure apparatus coupled with synchrotron X-ray radiation. The different grain-size specimens experienced identical P - T -stress condition at any given time. A new method for measuring strains and strain rates (≥10-6s-1) of specimens at high pressure is documented. This method uses time-resolved in situ X-ray imaging and an image-analysis computation. The microstructures of run products, recovered after being quenched at different temperatures were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). We find that high-temperature olivine flow is grain-size insensitive at 8 GPa, which suggests that dislocation creep dominates olivine deformation at high pressure. This result is confirmed by the TEM investigation of our deformed specimens in which we find evidences of the activation of olivine dislocation slip systems. Specimen microstructures are consistent with dynamic recrystallization as an assisting process in olivine deformation during the high-pressure experiments. Extrapolation of our results to the low stress level and large grain size expected in the mantle suggests that dislocation creep assisted by dynamic recrystal lization may also dominate natural olivine deformation in the upper mantle. © 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • July 16, 2003

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 113

end page

  • 129


  • 138


  • 2