From displacement-based conservation to place-based conservation Article

Bray, DB, Velázquez, A. (2009). From displacement-based conservation to place-based conservation . CONSERVATION & SOCIETY, 7(1), 11-14. 10.4103/0972-4923.54791

cited authors

  • Bray, DB; Velázquez, A



  • The viability of biodiversity conservation based uniquely upon a model of protected areas is being questioned in the developing world, and new evidence is emerging on the social and ecological costs of displacing people in order to 'impose wilderness' (Neumann 2002; Igoe 2004; Rodrígues 2006). This re-evaluation of the strict protected areas model is driven in part by new data showing that some human-dominated regimes of land use and tenure are effective complementary conservation strategies that can achieve both sustainable livelihoods and biodiversity conservation, although there are tradeoffs in all forms of conservation land use (Velázquez et al. 2003a; Zimmerer 2006). A vigorous debate frequently based on fragmentary data is giving way to a more nuanced appreciation of the costs and benefits of varying forms of land use and their benefits for conservation and development. This is greatly assisted by the maturation of models of community forest management for timber and protection in Mexico (Bray et al. 2005, 2008), indigenous reserves in Brazil (Nepstad et al. 2006), and participatory landscape conservation planning in Madagascar (Hanna et al. 1998).

publication date

  • January 1, 2009

published in

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 11

end page

  • 14


  • 7


  • 1