## Total $k$-domination in Cartesian product of complete graphs Article

Carballosa, Walter, Wisby, Justin. (2020). Total $k$-domination in Cartesian product of complete graphs .

### cited authors

• Carballosa, Walter; Wisby, Justin

### abstract

• Let $G=(V,E)$ be a finite undirected graph. A set $S$ of vertices in $V$ is said to be total $k$-dominating if every vertex in $V$ is adjacent to at least $k$ vertices in $S$. The total $k$-domination number, $\gamma_{kt}(G)$, is the minimum cardinality of a total $k$-dominating set in $G$. In this work we study the total $k$-domination number of Cartesian product of two complete graphs which is a lower bound of the total $k$-domination number of Cartesian product of two graphs. We obtain new lower and upper bounds for the total $k$-domination number of Cartesian product of two complete graphs. Some asymptotic behaviors are obtained as a consequence of the bounds we found. In particular, we obtain that $\displaystyle\liminf_{n\to\infty}\frac{\gamma_{kt}(G\Box H)}{n}\leq 2\,\left(\left\lceil\frac{k}{2}\right\rceil^{-1}+\left\lfloor\frac{k+4}{2}\right\rfloor^{-1}\right)^{-1}$ for graphs $G,H$ with order at least $n$. We also prove that the equality is attained if and only if $k$ is even. The equality holds when $G,H$ are both isomorphic to the complete graph, $K_n$, with $n$ vertices. Furthermore, we obtain closed formulas for the total $2$-domination number of Cartesian product of two complete graphs of whatever order. Besides, we prove that, for $k=3$, the inequality above is improvable to $\displaystyle\liminf_{n\to\infty} \gamma_{3t}(K_n\Box K_n)/n \leq 11/5$.

### publication date

• January 21, 2020

• 05C69
• math.CO