Dysfunctional Attitudes Are Mood-State Dependent Article

Miranda, J, Persons, JB. (1988). Dysfunctional Attitudes Are Mood-State Dependent . JOURNAL OF ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY, 97(1), 76-79. 10.1037/0021-843X.97.1.76

cited authors

  • Miranda, J; Persons, JB



  • To test the hypothesis that self-report of dysfunctional attitudes is mood-state dependent, dysfunctional attitudes were assessed in 43 women before and after they received a depressed or elated mood induction. As predicted, the mood induction produced reliable changes in mood and in dysfunctional attitudes, although the increase in dysfunctional attitudes following the negative mood induction was not large enough to be statistically significant. We also tested the hypothesis, from the cognitive theory of depression, that subjects with previous episodes of depression would report more dysfunctional attitudes than would subjects without such a history. As predicted, subjects who reported previous episodes of depression endorsed more dysfunctional attitudes than did subjects who did not report such a history. However, this effect occurred only for subjects who were in a negative mood state when their dysfunctional attitudes were assessed. These findings support the proposition of the cognitive theory that dysfunctional attitudes are traits but suggest that these traits are mood-state dependent.

publication date

  • January 1, 1988

published in

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 76

end page

  • 79


  • 97


  • 1