Psychometric properties and validation of the Phenomenological Body Shame Scale - Revised (PBSS-R) Article

Siegel, JA, Huellemann, KL, Calogero, RM et al. (2021). Psychometric properties and validation of the Phenomenological Body Shame Scale - Revised (PBSS-R) . 39 90-102. 10.1016/j.bodyim.2021.06.001

cited authors

  • Siegel, JA; Huellemann, KL; Calogero, RM; Roberts, TA



  • Body shame is a common experience among women yet a challenging phenomenon to operationalize, and measures of body shame often fail to capture its embodied aspects. In this article, we examined the structural and psychometric properties of an existing measure of body shame that was developed by Fredrickson et al. (1998) to assess the motivational and behavioral components of feeling body shame. Across three studies, women participants completed the Phenomenological Body Shame Scale (PBSS) and measures of theoretically related constructs in counterbalanced order via online survey platforms. The results demonstrate evidence of construct validity for an abbreviated, 8-item measure of phenomenological body shame (PBSS-R). In Study 1 (n = 341 community women), we evaluated and confirmed the scale's structural validity as a unidimensional measure. In Study 2 (n = 204 college women), we demonstrated positive associations between the PBSS-R and negative body image attitudes and behaviors, and negative associations with self-compassion, supporting the scale's external validity. In Study 3 (n = 235 community women), the PBSS-R explained variance in intuitive eating and happiness above theoretically related measures of self-objectification and body shame, supporting the scale's incremental validity. We recommend use of this abbreviated measure to assess the more embodied and less evaluative features of body shame in women.

publication date

  • December 1, 2021

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 90

end page

  • 102


  • 39