Drosophila mercatorum is a species that can give rise to totally homozygous parthenogenetic strains. Using the technique of DNA-DNA hybridization, we have assessed the overall single-copy DNA differences among three independently derived strains that represent three independent genomes. Among strains, the average difference between homoduplex and heteroduplex median melting temperatures is 1.3 degrees C. This represents greater than or equal to 1.3% base-pair mismatch. Normalized percent of reassociation indicates further genetic differences, probably reflecting insertion/deletion differences and/or regions of the genome that are highly variable. This overall intraspecific genetic variation is higher than generally is thought to exist but is consistent with growing evidence of extensive DNA diversity within species of invertebrates. High intraspecific DNA variation may be correlated with rapid phyletic rates of evolution. Because of this high level of variation, the technique of DNA-DNA hybridization may be used to study intraspecific variation in invertebrates but is limited in its usefulness for higher systematic studies.