Cultured mouse spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs), also known as germline stem cells (GSCs), revert back to pluripotent state either spontaneously or upon being modified genetically. However, the reprogramming efficiencies are low, and the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. In the present study, we conducted transcriptomic analysis and found that many transcription factors and epigenetic modifiers were differentially expressed between GSCs and embryonic stem cells. We failed in reprogramming GSCs to pluripotent state using the Yamanaka 4 Factors, but succeeded when Nanog and Tet1 were included. More importantly, reprogramming was also achieved with Nanog alone in a p53-deficient GSC line with an efficiency of 0.02‰. These GSC-derived-induced pluripotent stem cells possessed in vitro and in vivo differentiation abilities despite the low rate of chimera formation, which might be caused by abnormal methylation in certain paternally imprinted genes. Together, these results show that GSCs can be reprogrammed to pluripotent state via multiple avenues and contribute to our understanding of the mechanisms of GSC reprogramming.