Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Pivotal Trial of an Ab Interno Implanted Trabecular Micro-Bypass in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma and Cataract: Two-Year Results Article

Samuelson, TW, Sarkisian, SR, Lubeck, DM et al. (2019). Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Pivotal Trial of an Ab Interno Implanted Trabecular Micro-Bypass in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma and Cataract: Two-Year Results . OPHTHALMOLOGY, 126(6), 811-821. 10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.03.006

cited authors

  • Samuelson, TW; Sarkisian, SR; Lubeck, DM; Stiles, MC; Duh, YJ; Romo, EA; Giamporcaro, JE; Hornbeak, DM; Katz, LJ; Bartlett, W; Buznego, C; Johnson, S; D'Ambrosio, FA; Dehning, D; DuBiner, H; Goyal, R; Hughes, B; Marquis, RE; Noecker, R; Tauber, S; Perez, BR; Roel, L; Sarkisian, S; Silverstein, S; Day, S; Solomon, K; Tyson, F; Vold, S; Samuelson, T; Simmons, S; Stiles, M; Nguyen, QH; Bashford, KP; Flowers, B; Flynn, WJ; Gira, J; Okeke, C; Reiss, GR; Tyson, SL; Parkhurst, G; Linn, J; Lubeck, D; Solomon, J; Singh, IP; Johnson, RD; Lin, C; Kim, JW; Crane, CJ; Cotter, F



  • Purpose: Evaluate the safety and effectiveness of an ab interno implanted (iStent inject) Trabecular Micro-Bypass System (Glaukos Corporation, San Clemente, CA) in combination with cataract surgery in subjects with mild to moderate primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Design: Prospective, randomized, single-masked, concurrently controlled, multicenter clinical trial. Participants: Eyes with mild to moderate POAG and preoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) ≤24 mmHg on 1 to 3 medications, unmedicated diurnal IOP (DIOP) 21 to 36 mmHg, and cataract requiring surgery. Methods: After uncomplicated cataract surgery, eyes were randomized 3:1 intraoperatively to ab interno implantation of iStent inject (Model G2-M-IS; treatment group, n = 387) or no stent implantation (control group, n = 118). Subjects were followed through 2 years postoperatively. Annual washout of ocular hypotensive medication was performed. Main Outcome Measures: Effectiveness end points were ≥20% reduction from baseline in month 24 unmedicated DIOP and change in unmedicated month 24 DIOP from baseline. Safety measures included best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), slit-lamp and fundus examinations, gonioscopy, pachymetry, specular microscopy, visual fields, complications, and adverse events. Results: The groups were well balanced preoperatively, including medicated IOP (17.5 mmHg in both groups) and unmedicated DIOP (24.8±3.3 mmHg vs. 24.5±3.1 mmHg in the treatment and control groups, respectively, P = 0.33). At 24 months, 75.8% of treatment eyes versus 61.9% of control eyes experienced ≥20% reduction from baseline in unmedicated DIOP (P = 0.005), and mean reduction in unmedicated DIOP from baseline was greater in treatment eyes (7.0±4.0 mmHg) than in control eyes (5.4±3.7 mmHg; P < 0.001). Of the responders, 84% of treatment eyes and 67% of control eyes were not receiving ocular hypotensive medication at 23 months. Furthermore, 63.2% of treatment eyes versus 50.0% of control eyes had month 24 medication-free DIOP ≤18 mmHg (difference 13.2%; 95% confidence interval, 2.9–23.4). The overall safety profile of the treatment group was favorable and similar to that in the control group throughout the 2-year follow-up. Conclusions: Clinically and statistically greater reductions in IOP without medication were achieved after iStent inject implantation with cataract surgery versus cataract surgery alone, with excellent safety through 2 years.

publication date

  • June 1, 2019

published in

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 811

end page

  • 821


  • 126


  • 6