Impact of Immediate Interpretation of Screening Tomosynthesis Mammography on Performance Metrics Article

Winkler, NS, Freer, P, Anzai, Y et al. (2019). Impact of Immediate Interpretation of Screening Tomosynthesis Mammography on Performance Metrics . ACADEMIC RADIOLOGY, 26(2), 210-214. 10.1016/j.acra.2018.04.012

cited authors

  • Winkler, NS; Freer, P; Anzai, Y; Hu, N; Stein, M



  • Rationale and Objectives: This study aimed to compare performance metrics for immediate and delayed batch interpretation of screening tomosynthesis mammograms. Materials and Methods: This HIPAA compliant study was approved by institutional review board with a waiver of consent. A retrospective analysis of screening performance metrics for tomosynthesis mammograms interpreted in 2015 when mammograms were read immediately was compared to historical controls from 2013 to 2014 when mammograms were batch interpreted after the patient had departed. A total of 5518 screening tomosynthesis mammograms (n = 1212 for batch interpretation and n = 4306 for immediate interpretation) were evaluated. The larger sample size for the latter group reflects a group practice shift to performing tomosynthesis for the majority of patients. Age, breast density, comparison examinations, and high-risk status were compared. An asymptotic proportion test and multivariable analysis were used to compare performance metrics. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in recall or cancer detection rates for the batch interpretation group compared to immediate interpretation group with respective recall rate of 6.5% vs 5.3% = +1.2% (95% confidence interval −0.3 to 2.7%; P =.101) and cancer detection rate of 6.6 vs 7.2 per thousand = −0.6 (95% confidence interval −5.9 to 4.6; P =.825). There was no statistically significant difference in positive predictive values (PPVs) including PPV1 (screening recall), PPV2 (biopsy recommendation), or PPV 3 (biopsy performed) with batch interpretation (10.1%, 42.1%, and 40.0%, respectively) and immediate interpretation (13.6%, 39.2%, and 39.7%, respectively). After adjusting for age, breast density, high-risk status, and comparison mammogram, there was no difference in the odds of being recalled or cancer detection between the two groups. Conclusions: There is no statistically significant difference in interpretation performance metrics for screening tomosynthesis mammograms interpreted immediately compared to those interpreted in a delayed fashion.

publication date

  • February 1, 2019

published in

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 210

end page

  • 214


  • 26


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