Instruments for the assessment of reversal theory states Article

Cook, MR, Gerkovich, MM, Potocky, M et al. (1993). Instruments for the assessment of reversal theory states . PATIENT EDUCATION AND COUNSELING, 22(2), 99-106. 10.1016/0738-3991(93)90006-I

cited authors

  • Cook, MR; Gerkovich, MM; Potocky, M; O'Connell, KA



  • Reversal theory, a new theory of motivation, emotion and personality, has been shown to have important implications for health behavior. Valid, reliable instruments for the measurement of reversal theory concepts are needed to promote further research in this area. None of the previous self-report methods for measuring the telic (serious-minded) and paratelic (playful) states have been totally satisfactory, and no instrument has been available to measure the negativistic and conformist states. The objective of the work reported here was to develop a paper-and-pencil selfreport instrument to fill these gaps. A twelve-item instrument with three sub-scales (playfulness, arousal seeking, negativistic) was developed. Internal reliability of the sub-scales ranged from 0.75 to 0.76. Initial evaluations suggest that the sub-scales have acceptable validity, although further studies by other investigators should be carried out to confirm the results reported here. © 1993.

publication date

  • December 15, 1993

published in

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 99

end page

  • 106


  • 22


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