Emerging, diverging and converging paradigms on sustainable development Article

Heinen, JT. (1994). Emerging, diverging and converging paradigms on sustainable development . INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND WORLD ECOLOGY, 1(1), 22-33. 10.1080/13504509409469857

cited authors

  • Heinen, JT



  • Sustainable development has been used in various contexts by theoreticians and practitioners from a number of disciplines. This review explores some of these contexts from basic and applied ecological sciences, social sciences and philosophical works. It is concluded that there is a need to develop a theoretical paradigm that helps to explain the reasons underlying human resource use -a fundamental question that has been ignored in many other studies. A theoretical, evolutionary approach and several premises derived from this approach are offered. The theoretical framework suggests that societal scale, social structure, interrelatedness of individuals, and reciprocal relations between individuals may all be important in determining the types of management programmes that promote sustainable resource use by humans. Examples of solutions to various sustainability issues at different scales, based on different kinds of incentive structures, are also presented. © 1994 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

publication date

  • March 1, 1994

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 22

end page

  • 33


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