Jobs, sex, love and lifestyle: When nonstutterers assume the roles of stutterers Article

Zhang, J, Saltuklaroglu, T, Hough, M et al. (2009). Jobs, sex, love and lifestyle: When nonstutterers assume the roles of stutterers . 61(1), 18-23. 10.1159/000187621

cited authors

  • Zhang, J; Saltuklaroglu, T; Hough, M; Kalinowski, J



  • This study assessed the impact of stuttering via a questionnaire in which fluent individuals were asked to assume the mindset of persons who stutter (PWS) in various life aspects, including vocation, romance, daily activities, friends/social life, family and general lifestyle. The perceived impact of stuttering through the mind's eyes of nonstutterers is supposed to reflect respondents' abilities to impart 'theory of mind' in addressing social penalties related to stuttering. Method: Ninety-one university students answered a questionnaire containing 56 statements on a 7-point Likert scale. Forty-four participants (mean age = 20.4, SD = 4.4) were randomly selected to assume a stuttering identity and 47 respondents (mean age = 20.5, SD = 3.1) to assume their normally fluent identity. Results: Significant differences between groups were found in more than two thirds of items regarding employment, romance, and daily activities, and in fewer than half of items regarding family, friend/social life, and general life style (p <0.001). Conclusions: The social penalties associated with stuttering appear to be apparent to fluent individuals, especially in areas of vocation, romance, and daily activities, suggesting that nonstuttering individuals, when assuming the role of PWS, are capable of at least temporarily feeling the negative impact of stuttering. Copyright © 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.

publication date

  • April 1, 2009

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 18

end page

  • 23


  • 61


  • 1