Stability of Enzymatic Biosensors for Wearable Applications Article

Sonawane, A, Manickam, P, Bhansali, S. (2017). Stability of Enzymatic Biosensors for Wearable Applications . 10 174-186. 10.1109/RBME.2017.2706661

cited authors

  • Sonawane, A; Manickam, P; Bhansali, S


  • Technological evolution in wearable sensors accounts for major growth and transformation in a multitude of industries, ranging from healthcare to computing and informatics to communication and biomedical sciences. The major driver for this transformation is the new-found ability to continuously monitor and analyze the patients' physiology in patients' natural setting. Numerous wearable sensors are already on the market and are summarized. Most of the current technologies have focused on electrophysiological, electromechanical, or acoustic measurements. Wearable biochemical sensing devices are in their infancy. Traditional challenges in biochemical sensing such as reliability, repeatability, stability, and drift are amplified in wearable sensing systems due to variabilities in operating environment, sample/sensor handling, and motion artifacts. Enzymatic sensing technologies, due to reduced fluidic challenges, continue to be forerunners for converting into wearable sensors. This paper reviews the recent developments in wearable enzymatic sensors. The wearable sensors have been classified in three major groups based on sensor embodiment and placement relative to the human body: 1) on-body, 2) clothing/textile-based biosensors, and 3) biosensor accessories. The sensors, which come in the forms of stickers and tattoos, are categorized as on-body biosensors. The fabric-based biosensor comes in different models such as smart-shirts, socks, gloves, and smart undergarments with printed sensors for continuous monitoring.

publication date

  • January 1, 2017

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 174

end page

  • 186


  • 10