Spiritual Violence: Queer People and the Sacrament of Communion Thesis

(2013). Spiritual Violence: Queer People and the Sacrament of Communion . 10.25148/etd.FI13042901

thesis or dissertation chair


  • Diz, Sabrina


  • This thesis addresses spiritual violence done to queer people in the sacrament of Communion, or Eucharist, in both Protestant and Roman Catholic churches in the U.S. Rooted in the sexual dimorphic interpretation of Genesis, theologians engendered Christianity with sexism and patriarchy, both of which have since developed into intricate intersections of oppressions. Religious abuse is founded on the tradition of exclusionary practices and is validated through narrow interpretations of Scripture that work to reassert the authority of the experiences of the dominant culture. The resultant culture of oppression manifests itself in ritualized spiritual violence. Queer people are deemed “unworthy” to take ‘the body and blood of the Christ’ and, in fact, are excluded altogether. This “unworthiness” is expressed as spiritual violence against queer people who are shunned and humiliated, internalize hateful messages, and are denied spiritual guidance or life-affirming messages. By “queering” Scripture, or reading the Bible anew through a framework of justice, queer people have begun to sacramentalize their experiences and reclaim their place at the table.

publication date

  • March 28, 2013


  • Christianity
  • LGBT
  • gay
  • lesbian
  • queer theology
  • religion
  • sexual dimorphism
  • spiritual violence

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)